11 February 2018

FWS: Military Sci-Fi Toys: Britains SPACE Toys (1981-1987)


There are some toys that are mysterious even if you owned them. In this installment of Military Sci-Fi Toys, we will looking at a mysterious military science fiction toy that I had back in the 1980s after a trip to my grandparents. My family is from Albuquerque, New Mexico, and I spent a great deal of time there as a kid. Back in the 1980s, there in Winrock Mall (which is now gone), there was very cool toy store called “Toys By Roy”. This was the first place I saw STARCOM: the US Space Force, the Matchbox ROBOTECH toyline and some other exciting toys from Europe. One of them was this collection of small (1/32) astronauts-soldiers battling all manner of evil red helmeted aliens. There were entire armies of these space soldiers and their foes, it seemed to cover a good portion of the store, and my grandmother (the best in the world) bought me several packages of toy space soldiers. I still have them to this day. Recently, my daughter dug them out of a box of old toys at my Mom's' house in Houston, and memories came flooding back. After an hour of searching online, I came across the proper name of my long-lost military sci-fi toy soldiers: Britains SPACE, and the genesis of this blogpost.

What is "Britains"?
Beginning in 1893 and founded by an brass clockmarker by the name of William Britains, this toy company is one of the world’s oldest that has been a favorite of generations of children and collectors. What set the W. Britains Company apart in 1893 was the hollowcast of toy soldiers that lower the price and increased the production that could finally unseat the German companies’ domination, especially Heinrich, of the toy soldier market in the 19th century.
However, W. Britains Senior could not enjoy the success of his company for long, he would die in August of 1907, but the company remained a family business until around 1983/1984. The first major challenge for the company came after the bloody First World War, in which millions were dead, Europe in ruins, and millions more traumatized by the spectra of modern warfare…not a great time to be in the toy soldier business. To prevent bankruptcy, Britains diversified into their “Farm” and “Zoo” toylines in the 1920’s. During the 2nd World War, they ended toy manufacturing for wartime production. Once the war was over and metal again could be used for toys instead of bullets, Britains returned to the toy business, but the era of metal toys was ending and plastic was on the rise. 
In 1966 or 1967, Britains ended mainstream production of their metal hollowcast figures in favor of more plastics, but contained diecast vehicles. Their core business of toy soldiers began shifting due to the influx of cheap plastic army men, and the more expensive painted Britains soldiers were losing. At this time, the company was living on their Farm line. The Britains that I knew came about when a limited collectible diecast toy soldier line had done well in the collector/souvenir market.
This caused the company to market collector sets of famous units, such as the Coldstream Guard, more heavily in the 1980’s. Around this time, Britains would develop their “Super Deetail” 54mm line that featured Zamak bases for the painted plastic features to be fitted into, making them secure. This Super Deetail umbra line was developed to soldiers of all time periods along with the infamous Space series. The 1980’s would be time of expansion for Britains, but several of its new toylines, like Space and Hospital, would fail spectacularly, causing the company to be sold to Dobson Park Group around 1983/1984. They would hold on to the company until the American model maker, ERTL, would buy Dobson Park Group in 1997. Then ERTL was swallowed by the larger American company of Racing Champions. In 2005, a smaller company by the name of First Gear was able to buy the Britains name and toy soldier lines from Racing Champions. They would control Britains until 2016, when the company, was again sold, to the Ohio-based company of The Good Soldier LLC. We shall see if this where the hollowed Britains name will rest.

Overview of Britains Space Line
Seeing the hot trend of science fiction toys, the historic toy soldier company of W. Britains decided to jump in with both feet into this new frontier. From 1981 through the cancellation around 1987, Britains would re-develop the overall Space toyline twice in a vain attempt to gain traction in the toy market, but it was to no avail. At the heart of the Space toyline was 54mm static toy soldier-like humans, cyborgs, mutants, and aliens. Some of the 1/32 figures were designed to pilot various vehicles and spacecraft, while others were similar to standard Britains toy soldiers in a Zamak metal base with all manner of Space Age weaponry that resumed the classic ray guns of science fiction. One of the key selling points was the modularity that came from the interchangeable vehicles that could be interconnected across the entire line, allowing for some creativity, but not the level of Legos. The vehicles were all manner of space-based and ground-based futuristic vehicles with some monsters thrown in towards the end of the lifespan of the toyline for the mutant and cryborg characters. Besides the toys themselves and the Britians toy catalogs, there is no related tie-in products. 

The Historical Context of Britains SPACE Toyline
The late 1970s and early 1980s were a time of great change in the United Kingdom with a troubled stormy economic, rollercoaster politics under the leadership of hawkish Thatcher, trouble Northern Ireland, and international turmoil that was topped off by the 1982 Falklands War. Adding to the time period was the rise in popularity of science fiction spurred on by Star Wars, which had a great deal of the UK in its DNA. Great Britain was rich soil for science fiction given it was the home of Dr. Who, Thunderbirds, UFO, and Blake's 7. In addition, the United Kingdom music scene was exploding with post-punk, New Wave, and world music. During this time of change, there was an influx of American toys into the British toy market causing the native toy markers to response, as Britains did with their Space line.  

The History of Britains Space toyline
We are going to start at a familiar place with the origin story of so many science fiction toys of my childhood: 1977's Star Wars. Due to the success of science fiction toylines in the late 1970s, Britains decided to invest heavily into a sci-fi space soldier toyline complete with modular vehicles that were up to the same quality as their other lines. The launch of Britains SPACE 1/35 (54mm) toyline in 1981 was virgin territory for the historic toy company and there was great risk at this time in the toy stores due to the sharp competition. From 1981-1982, there was just two lines release: the human Stargards and the Space Aliens, and while the human forces got a limited number of vehicles, the Aliens were only infantry until 1982. In 1982 and continuing into 1983, you could buy a massive boxset of the Stargard and Space Alien soldiers and vehicles that could be altered. These were sold separately, of course, with army-building figure packs. In 1983, the toyline was diversified with the new Cyborgs and the Mutants. Both were introduced with figures only and it wasn't until the "Star System" rebranding in 1985 that the Cyborgs and Mutants lines got a "vehicle" of their very own. From 1983-1984, only a new vehicle was added and it was during this time that the struggling family-owned company was sold to new owners: Dodson Park Group.
While never confirmed, there is strong evidence to suggest that the new owners saw the bleeding of the Space toyline and decided to give it one last major change with the 1985 redevelopment of Britains Space to Britains Star System. While there were major changes to livery, names, and even new vehicles and figures, it was the same story. Sadly, this were the information trail grows cold and the last two years of Britains Star System existence, 1986-1987, are relatively unknown. At some point in 1987, Britains cut their losses and cancelled their sci-fi toyline. Despite several sales of the company, none of the new owners have ever moved to reissue the 1980s Space or Star System line.

The Toyline:

The Stargards (1981-1984)
These are the original human figures/faction for the line and were the only ones to get vehicles upon the initial 1981 release.  Dressed in yellow accented with red reinforced combat spacesuits with “fishbowl” type clear space helmets and armed with laser pistols and rifles and had a red/silver sticker on the chest. Male and female Stargard members were released with various hair colors, with some being custom designed to pilot the various vehicles of the line. When it came to the vehicles of the Stargard forces, all of them were in yellow/red livery, all were modular and it seems like only a few were released:  small bubble cockpit spaceship (9110), an landing pad (9116), a portable space DE cannon (9115), and a futuristic space car (9114).
These vehicles were either sold separately or in various massive boxsets. One released around 1982-1983 was packed with the Alien vehicles, these represented the bulk of the vehicles in the original line (set number 9146). Due to the limitations of the information available online, I believe that only two more vehicles was added, a heavy laser cannon hauling vehicle with two figures for both factions. 

The Forcegards (1985-1987)
With the new owners of Britains and an attempt to save the expensive Space toyline, there was renovation and relaunch, christened “the Britains Star System” with the Stargard being replaced by the Forcegard in 1985. Instead of the yellow and red paint job, the Forcegard were white and red with the same laser DE weapons as before. With this new rebranding in 1985, came an expansion of the vehicles, also recolored in red/white livery.  A total of six modular vehicles were released under the new “Star Force” human faction line with the “Force Station (9241)” being the largest, and others being reprinted re-releases of Space line vehicles. There was a boxset released of the vehicles and loose Forcegard soldiers (9240) released in 1985.

The Space Aliens (1981-1984)
The main foe of the Britains Space toyline was the “aliens”…seriously, that was their name. These red-helmeted humanoid aliens wore black armored spacesuits and used the same laser weaponry as the Stargard. When the Space line premiered in 1981, the Stargard were released with figures and vehicles, but the aliens were only infantry, no vehicles. That changed in 1982 with the release of three green painted vehicles: the saucer-shaped spacecraft (9120), the odd “space grab” that were robotic arms (9127), and the space cannon (9125). These modular vehicles were packaged in several box sets, or sold separately. In 1982-1983, there was massive boxset of both of Stargard and Alien figures and vehicles (9146). In 1984, the Space Aliens line got a wheeled vehicle that hauled a large space laser cannon artillery piece that featured two specially designed alien vehicle crew members (9128). The original red-helmeted Aliens line would hang around until the relaunch in 1985. 

The Star Raiders (1985-1987)
By 1985, it was clear that the Space toyline needed a new infusion to increase sales, and that came with the Britains Star System toyline. As with the new Forcegard, the old Aliens were renamed the “Star Raiders” with a new orange/blue livery and several new vehicles to match the Star Force humans. The Star Raiders had with only repainted vehicle from the original line and one reworked along with four new vehicles, including the massive “Raider Station (9291)”. There was a “Planet Raiders” boxset (9290) that combined the basic vehicles and some loose Raider soldiers released in 1985. 

The Stargard Cyborgs (1983-1984)
By 1983, it was clear that the new science fiction line of Britains was in trouble and two new figure lines were added to spice up the line. For the human faction, the Stargard, were given a cybernetic ally, the “Stargard Cyborgs”. These were figures that looked more at home in a classic Dr. Who episode than a military science fiction toyline. They look like some thing the Cybermen experimented on and then rejected. These oddly shaped silver-colored figures were laser-armed Stargard figures retrofitted with rubberized heads and body parts that have not held up over the time due to melting issues.     


The Forcecyborgs (1985-1987?)
With the major 1985 reboot of the Britains Space line into the Star System, the Cyborgs were altered in interesting ways. The original 1983-1984 cyborgs were silver in color and armed, the new Forcecyborgs were now purely defensive as mentioned in the 1985 catalog. In the few images I found, the new white and red livery Forcecyborgs are not armed, but some seem to be fitted with ping-pong paddles? These misfits were gifted with an oddball cybernetic dragon-like creator, called “the cybertron”. 

The Alien Mutants (1983-1984)
When new figure lines were added in 1983 to boost low sales figures, the Space Aliens line was gifted with an new monstrous ally: the mutants. These rubberized twisted green-and-red humanoid forms were a very 1950’s B-Sci-fi movie enemy topped off by red laser ray-gun blasters. The original look of the Alien Mutants was altered after only one year during the 1985 rebranding and relaunch of the entire Space line after the new owners took over.




The Mutant Raiders (1985-1986)
Much as was done with the other Britains Space line when switching over to the 1985 Star System rebranding, the Mutant line was repainted and renamed to the “Mutant Raiders” to fit under the new Star Raiders faction via the blue/orange livery. They were also given a “vehicle” in the form of a green dragon-monster called “mutantron”. It is believed that this line was cancelled in 1986.





Britains Space vs. Britains Star System
There is one piece of commonly held knowledge about Britains venture into science fiction toys it is that it failed…but Britains didn’t let it go down easily. From all accounts, the Space line was in trouble within the first years and attempts were made to remedy the situation by the company. In 1983, the Stargards and Space Aliens were both given new (ugly) allies: the Stargard Cyborgs and the Alien Mutants. When this soft interdiction did not work to improve sales, the new owners of Britains, Dodson Park Industries, took improves steps to either bring the line to profitability or cancel it. That renovation gave us new vehicles, new colors, and a new name: “Star System”. Under the new banner of Britains Star System, the human faction was renamed “the Star Force” and their astronaut foot soldiers were “the Forcegards” with a new white and red livery. This renovation was extended to the line of new modularity space vehicles as well with similar coloring. The cybernetic allies of the Star Force were also renamed to the Forcecyborgs and so given the same white/red treatment and their laser weapons were taken away. The red helmeted aliens were altered to “the Star Raiders” with new orange and blue livery and the same was applied to their mutant allies.  Added to the evil allies of the Star Raiders, we got the Terror Raiders that were monster-like aliens that remains me of GI Joes’ Star Brigade. It was here, under the new banner of Britains Star System, the line made its last stand from 1985-1987.


Why Did the SPACE Toyline Fail?
The brilliant element often missed by those discussing the power of the Star Wars toyline in the 1970's is that it gives a context to the toys and shared experience via this context. Tie-in toys were nothing new even in science fiction circles, with Buck Rogers beating Lucas and Kenner to the market by four decades. What Star Wars masterfully did, along with Kenner, is that toys lived in a well-known and defined world. This world was created by one of most popular movies of all time. This made playtime easier especially between mates. With this popularity of the films, came the widespread popularity of the toys.
You go over to a friend's house and they would have Star Wars toys allowing for shared play in a fixed universe that everyone understood. Britains SPACE toys did not have this. Not even close. To some limited degree, their toy soldiers did. Every kid knows the purpose behind war toys and engaging in mocking battles with toy soldiers. Once again, Britains SPACE toyline did not have that either, especially in 1981 with no enemy force vehicles to engage the Stargard against or form interesting toy storylines...alien foot soldiers. Lambs for the slaughter, especially when compared to the Kenner SW toylines.
By 1987, Britains abandoned its baldy failing outer space toyline, a rare failure for the company...so why did this toyline fail given the popularity of science fiction toys and the company itself?  Part of lays in the fact that Britains SPACE line did not have any tie-in product to sell the concept further nor add any more advertisement exposure to the market…but that doesn’t always help as we saw with the similar STARCOM toyline in 1987. Not helping the case of these space toys was that while Britains did have a recognizable name in the UK as well as aboard, these space toys were outside their core business model and this caused the company to invest heavily into their Space line. That decision would lead to the end of the company as we knew it.
However, as someone who had some of these toys back in the early 1980's, I can see why this imported (and expensive) toyline failed due one important factor. That one important, but elusive, factor of any toyline is playability. This factor can greatly depend on the child themselves, how much of the toyline they can afford, availability of the toyline in their location, and the child's social nature, along with the intractability of the toys in the line.  All that being said, I think one area that the Britain's SPACE toyline failed is in its playability due to the small, unposable nature of the figures themselves.
Toy soldiers are a staple of toys-aimed-at-boys since ancient times and Britain's was a historic manufacture of toy soldiers. My brother and I both had Britain's toy soldiers and when I spied these space soldiers, I bought them due to the name. While I enjoyed the regular toy soldiers from Britain's in a limited fashion, I was mystified what to do with these fishbowl space helmet wearing space soldiers. I cannot remember playing with them in any way and they rested at the bottom of an action figure plastic bin for over two decade. As with the Hasbro’s Air Raiders and Coleco’s STARCOM toylines, the figures of the Space line were about the size of a AA battery and they could not be used with your other 3 ¾ figure lines, and this limited play and interest.

The Legacy and Impact of the SPACE Toyline
I've said it before that the internet is a good measure on how a toyline is thought of today and its lasting impact from its original release date. During the research phase for this article, I reached out to a United Kingdom website devoted to all things Britian's and Ian was good to response and his answers informed on both of these elements. The current legacy of the Space line was fairly limited and even boxed figure sets and vehicles go for far less than other Britain's toylines. Ian told me that the majority of Britain's WWII toys sells for £50-£100 while the SPACE toys barely get a fiver on bid sites! A majority of the boxed items for Britain's Space line are decorated with all manner of reduced price stickers. Not a good sign.
This informs us of the part of the impact at the time of release. Ian also told me that most of his mates were discussing Star Wars toys at school and not Britain's Space toys, which is the demographic Britain's was seeking. Once again, not a good sign for the sales department. According to ever source I can find all conclude that the impact of the toyline was far less than hoped and it was a failure in the UK and overseas. This was a hard blow for the historic British toy company due to the time, effort, energy, and money that had been invested into this new venture. Some sites cite the failure of the Space toyline as a major result for Britains being in financial difficult in the 1980's. The fact was that by 1984 the company being sold to Dobson Park Industries Ltd when no one in the family wanted to take over the toy company...was that due to the failure of the Space toyline? Despite being debated, some have accepted that the Space line helped end the original company and this become part of the story of the Space line to this very day. Currently, Britains still existed and is back to its core business under a small Ohio-based toy soldier company called The Good Soldier LLC.

Could Britains Space Toys Been a Success?
Maybe. That’s a big maybe. There is no way that Britains could have or would have invested into developing a 3 ¾ action toyline similar to dominate lines of G.I. Joe or Star Wars. Britains could only developed the toyline in a similar nature to the rest of their ranges. That being said, Britains should have placed more attention to developing the space combat angle of the line and created some more akin to a giant army in space than the astronauts-with-rayguns. In addition, Britains should have created more military-type space vehicles that appeared to be proper warships and futuristic armed ground vehicles. Some of these suggestions were undertaken for the 1985 “Star Systems” mid-run revamp with more modular vehicles, new figure lines, and recolors of the older figures.
But, the die was cast. I think the biggest element that could helped the toyline be more of a success would have a tie-in product to soft sell the fictional universe. This did not have to be a cartoon series, but it could have a boxed wargame that could have used the figures and vehicles as the pieces in a tabletop future war simulation system. While I was thinking about how Britains could have saved their Space line from the bargain bin, I realized that Coleco’s STARCOM: The US Space Force attempted to undertake a more unified marketed MSF toyline complete with cartoon and it didn’t help either and Britains could have done what they never had done before, a massive marketing campaign, and it is likely that the toyline would have failed anyways.

Next Time on FWS...
There is once in a blue moon that FWS goes a single blogpost without mentioning Starship Troopers in some form or another. The 1959 novel continues to be a major influence on military science fiction both in the west as well as the east even to this day. While FWS has discussed the various adaptations of SST throughout the years, especially in the west, we've barely discussed one made in 1988 in Japan: Uchu no Senshi. This Bandai Visual/Sunrise OVA production was released in 1988 on several LaserDiscs, but was never released in the west. In the next installment of the new Future Wars Stories of the East: FWS will be FINALLY devoting a whole blog article on the 1988 Starship Troopers OVA after many comments and emails.

04 February 2018

Our Enemies: Space Nazis?

What we are as a people and as a species, we will taken into outer space...and that could mean that the patterns of history could repeat themselves for the good and for the bad. Among evil organizations in Terran history, there is none that have shaped history through blood and pain quite like the Nazi Party. Their name, iconography, leadership, and deeds have been liberally mined for use in every part of society and media, and this does include Military Science Fiction. In this latest installment of the ongoing serial Our Enemies, we will be exploring if the so-called "Space Nazis" enemy types of science fiction.

Disclaimer
We are going to be discussing the Nazi Party, the 3rd Reich, and that junkie nutjob Hitler mother fucker throughout this blogpost and I just want to say something clear as a bell: I hate fucking Nazis. I hate mental weakass people that like Nazis. I hate dipshit people that want to be Nazis and try to live up to those stupid, sick ideals.My father grew up in post-war Germany and saw first hand what the Nazi Party did to the people of Germany. Fuck Nazis and Nazi lovers with a rusty bayonet up their ass. I hope that all Nazis are in the deepest and hottest pit in Hell with eternal pain as their only reality. Seriously, the only good Nazi is a dead Nazi. 

What is "Nazism"?
In the recent American political climate and the re-emergence of groups claiming allegiance to Nazi racial purity ideals (I cannot believe I am writing this in 2018!), the term "Nazi" is a loaded term that historically has been overused since the end of World War II. Today, both the Right and the Left in American politics fling the charge of being connected to the Nazi Party, the 3rd Reich, or Hitler to the point of grounding the term into meaninglessness. Lately, members of the Right have been connecting American liberals with the charge that they want Socialism and that the Nazi Party were Socialists. This often is seen in online political flame-wars, especially when the term "Alt-Right" is used. Due to this, I decided that before we talk about Space Nazis, we should revisit what is a Nazi anyways?
During the apex of the Industrial Revolution at end of 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the workers were the meat that powered the great machines of production and commerce, and it wasn’t pretty. Abuse was common as well as danger, and this fostered a counter-movement to the current conditions advocating for workers’ rights and safe conditions. While vilified today in some political circles, Labor Unions gave us modern workers the protections and rights we enjoy today and those came at a high cost of sacrifice. Given these conditions of the era, there were many organizations founded, as well as works generated, like Das Kapital. Another force of the time that added to soup for creating Nazi Party was the horror of World War I and the overthrow of the Tsar Dynasty in Russia. All of theses factors gave us the conditions for a fertile soil to grow workers’ rights organizations and one of these was the DAP (Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) or “German Worker’s Party”. Founded in 1919 by Anton Drexler, the DAP was a far-right, anti-Jewish, anti-Marxist, anti-capitalist organization of small membership.
Also that year, a World War One veteran Adolf Hitler was searching for an organization to join and found the DAP that married up to his own views. With Hitler, the DAP was remade and expanded under his tutelage with his views and political theories at the center. It was in 1920 that the DAP was renamed to the NSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) at the urging of Rudolf Jung.  It should be noted that Hitler was not happy with the inclusion of the word “socialism” in the name of his new far-right party, but, it was felt that the organization needed to pick up left thinking workers for increased membership. While it would seem to many that the arrest and imprisonment of Hitler after the failed 1923 Beer Hall Putsch, the NSDAP, or “Nazi” Party would be finished.
However, Hitler would use this time to refine his strategy, write a book, and gather supporters like Rudolf Hess and Joseph Goebbels. It was during this time that Hitler knew that the only way to achieve victory, power, and control was via political means. That sick dream was achieved in 1933, when Hitler and his Nazi Party achieve power in the center of German government when Hitler became Chancellor. At its core, the National Socialist Party was centered on extreme German nationalism to recover the soul of the broken Germany from the defeat of the First World War and the Treaty of Versailles.
To achieve these aims, the Nazi Party sought to inspirit the German people by false beliefs of racial superiority, blame other elements of society for issues in 1930’s Germany, like the Jews, and paramilitary style and iconography coupled with fiery speeches. While populist in theory, the Nazi Regime was mostly devoted to violently reshaping German society with the party elite at the top of this new society with Nazi deemed “undesirable groups” weeded out via organized extermination. Added to this was the policy of military conquest and victories to rally the people and prevent a repeat of 1918 (which happened) with paramilitary organizations and paramilitary thought sprinkled liberally in society to feed the military’s need for manpower and obedience.  This violent racial purity, use of propaganda, militarism, easy-to-digest symbols, basic tenets of fascism, and a magnetic leadership central figure are the hallmarks of Nazism.   

Why Are Nazis So Popular in Fiction?
During an episode of Spoony’s Counter Monkey video series about D&D Role Playing, he talked about how “evil” people do not perceive themselves as evil in the “Bond Villain” kind of way. Rarely is there evil deeds done for the pure reason of being evil in the Snidely Whiplash sense. Often those violent mercilessness actions are propelled by mental illness and conditioning caused by forcibly watching Caillou.
Good creators often frame the antagonist in light that makes them have their own motivations other than being purely evil or the sake of being evil.  When it comes to (over)using Nazis as the go-to bad guys of popular media, fiction with an element of truth is more compelling and that is true of the Nazis. The truth is that Nazi Germany is every bit as horrific as projected in fiction and their behavior was as evil as anything that Dante could have conjoined up in the pits of hell and the worst then about it was that they attempted to justify it via nationalism. This has caused Nazis to become the very personification of evil, allowing them to be transitioned to the realm of science fiction, either in ideals or straight out Nazis-in-outer-space. Due to this, shooting Nazis in video games has never been faced with the moral conflict that has been inserted into other modern shooters. In another words, you never have to feel bad about shooting a Nazi and I learned that when I first played Wolfenstien 3D back in 1994.

The Sci-Fi Space Nazi
When science fiction creators decide to include either Space Nazis or the “Nazi by any other name” into their work, they often extract familiar elements of Nazism to capitalize on common cultural understandings of the 3rd Reich.  This can be as little as borrowing the general style of uniforms worn by the 3rd Reich which is so common, it has its own trope: Putting on the Reich, or as much as lifting major portions of the organization and philosophy…but, I have found that these sci-fi Nazis often fall into three categories.
The first being a direct implantation of a World War II Nazi into a science fiction setting This is done  by the methods of time travel, holo-deck programs, or fleeing  Nazis escaping into outer space like in Iron Sky. One of the most popular in fiction is to simply borrow the style and iconography of Nazism to either given the direct connect or hint at the connection to Nazism, such as the Helghan in Killzone or Zeon in Gundam. Then that brings us to the third type that instead of borrowing Nazi uniforms or placing German Nazi Party members on the Moon, we have works that take the elements of Nazism philosophy and 3rd Reich history to form a type of Space Nazi without the obvious Nazi connection as we’ve seen in Star Wars or like Colonel Green from the World War III historical era of the Star Trek universe.

Will We Really Fight Space Nazis?
Since the Fall of the 3rd Reich, there has been a movement to keep the fires of the Nazi ideals alive to this very day. This is the rise of Neo-Nazism and it is on display throughout the world…and it could follow us to the stars. When the New World was colonized, it became a destination for splinter groups , radicals, unpopular religious groups, and exiles. It is highly likely that off-world colonies will be much the same after the original pioneer missions, and this could mean that Neo-Nazism will follow us out there as much as they have followed us for over nearly a hundred years.
Much of this will depend on the realities of space colonization, the contact between Terra and her space seed, and if the values of Nazism still find a hold on people enough to form a colony of their own.  If all factors add up, we could see an establishment of an off-world colony that embraces Nazi ideals and policies that would threaten the stability of mankind’s colonial ventures. This would be even worse if there is indeed intelligent alien life. A Space Nazi colony could become a viper’s nest of tension and inflame relations between Terra and any alien power to the point of war with Terra or cause Terran forces being called in to quell the threat of these Space Nazis as a preventive step to a human-alien war. I think there could be a form of Neo-Nazism if intelligent alien life is found and it has the same imperialistic or colonizing aims as humans.  This will be made worse if there has been armed conflict between the humans and aliens. Nazism seems to thrive in times when a clear and present danger is looming.

UFO Conspiracy Theories, The Occult, and Nazism: the Making of the Space Nazi Trope
When it comes to the commonly held concepts of the Nazi Party and their time ruling over Germany (1933-1945) that intercepts the sci-fi Space Nazi is the rumored 3rd Reich's dealing in the occult and their advancement of science through any means necessary. Their disgusting human experiments and the V2 rockets allowed for the US and the USSR to achieve manned space flight earlier, they also deployed the first jet attack fighter, fielded the first assault rifle, and were developing a number of Wunderwaffe like the Horton Ho 229 V3 and the Silbervogal sub-orbital bomber to take the war to American soil and beyond.
These were all verified and real weapon systems under development or were even in prototype or deployment phase when the war ended in 1945. The value of Nazi scientific knowledge was enough to prompt Operation PAPERCLIP and Operation OSOAVIAKHIM by the two new superpowers. These types of advanced projects only furthered the conspiracy theories surrounding the extent of Nazi scientific advancement and how they achieved them. Added to this was rumored expeditions that surrounded the occult and religious relics that entered into popular culture via works like Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark.
Adding to mysterious nature of the 3rd Reich was this was the appearance of the Foo Fighters and Ghost Rockets during World War II. Given the Nazi engineering advancements, there are some that firmly believe that the Nazis had access to reverse-engineered alien technology or some supernatural method that created the Foo Fighters and the Ghost Rockets. According to some, there was a project beyond advanced aircraft and one that could have reversed the fortunes of the Nazis during the Second World Wwar: time travel.
The experiment was, according to Polish author Igor Witkowski, was conducted a secret base called "Der Riese" or "The Giant" run by the SS near the Wenceslaus mine on the modern Czech border. Reinforcing this conspiracy theory is that seems to be an actually secret 3rd Reich research base there with some odd structures, like "the ring". The story goes that a bell-shaped small craft was developed to use an unknown mercury-like fluid called "Xerum 525" for the purpose of anti-gravity or time travel or both.
This "Die Glocke" temporal vehicle was under development to possible prevent the defeat of Nazi Germany, which was a reality at the time that the Die Glocke was "launched". The head of this project is believed to be SS General Hans Kammler. Compounding the weirdness, is that Hans Kammler was never captured and his body has never been found. According to the Die Glocke story, the pilot of the craft was none other than Hans Kammler. When "the Bell" was finally activated with the intend to use its time traveling abilities, it re-materialized in December 9th, 1965 in Kecksburg, Pennsylvania, only to crash. The vehicle and its rumored SS pilot were recovered by the US Military. How did the 3rd Reich develop a time traveling pod without help from Gallifrey? Aliens...of course.
The source of the technology could have come from a rumored UFO crash in 1936 or 1937 in a German forest that was recovered by the 3rd Reich and reverse-engineered: the so-called "Project HAUNEBU" Nazi UFO type craft were the result. There always been rumors of surviving alien crew and possibly a deal made between Hitler and the aliens due to similar ideological philosophies. Access to advanced technology from not-of-this-Earth could have allowed for the common conspiracy theory of secret post-war Nazi bases that serviced as another pipeline for Nazis to escape the Allies, much like the verified ODESSA Project that set up safe haven for Nazis in Latin America.
There is the rumored Nazi Antarctica base in their claimed section of Antarctica called "New Swabia". This bolthole subterranean outpost could have been dealt with during the 1946-1947 joint military operation to the Antarctica called Operation HIGHJUMP. Some point to nuclear explosions conducted during Operation ARGUS in 1958 as the final solution to the Nazi antarctic base. It doesn't stop there. There has been conspiracy theories that have gone on for decades of a secret Nazi lunar base that was the ultimate bolthole shelter for escaping 3rd Reich members and beating NASA to the Moon by over 20 years. Granted there is no evidence of heavy launch rocket facilities or even that the Nazis were in-possession of the rockery technological to go to the Moon.
It is believed by some conspiracy theorist that there are photos of this Nazi lunar base and that cancellation of the Apollo moon is due to this Nazi base. If that wasn't outlandish enough, there are those that believe that there is evidence of an Nazi Martian base that was established just after the 2nd World War. Some point to the NASA Martian rover Curiosity capturing an purported image of an WWII helmet on Sol 3 (August 2012) in the Aeolis Palus. These conspiracy theories, rumors, and half-truths have caused a rich soil for our Space Nazi to take root in popular media.

Science Fiction and the Space Nazi
It came as a surprise to me how long the relationship between science fiction and Nazis has been around and even dates to when the Nazi Party was then in power in Germany. There is debate about the first appearing of the Space Nazi in sci-fi, given that science fiction literature was in its infancy in the 1930's. There was a Nazi-like alien civilization in E.E. Doc Smith's Skylark Three published in 1930, which is nearly too early and it is a Ubermensch alien race that desires to wipe out inferior races. Then we have the 1933 story The Robot Technocrat that has a alternate history 1954 with Hitler and his stormtroopers in the US making trouble. In 1936, the author that penned the term "robot", Karel Capek, wrote The War with the Newts that had racial "living space" being a genesis of future wars and it seems to take inspiration from 3rd Reich policies. In 1938, came another example of Space Nazi in a story penned by legendary author Edgar Rice Burroughs in 1938 called “Carson of Venus”. These Space Nazis were called “Zanis” are a political group from the planet Venus. This was done with fully intention to take a swipe at the Nazis, even in 1938! One of the bedrock concepts of Nazis in science fiction takes its cues from the real-world Operation ODESSA, which had Nazis escaping to South America to avoid war crimes courts and firing squads, but in the sci-fi twist, the Nazis are escaping to off-world colonies. The likely target for an interstellar escape destination is the Moon and this trope was first put into print via Robert Heinlein’s 1947 youth book Rocket Ship Galileo.While many might attempt to modern connect the Space Nazis of science fiction to the Empire in Star Wars, but the Space Nazi has never died out or died down. Throughout the decades, there is one or two well-known examples, but there are more hidden under the surface of science fiction. 
For example, one of the most well-known films of the 1980s is Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark  and it was packed with Nazis, but there was to be a form of "sci-fi Nazi" in the original concept. The Nazi Gestapo agent with the Hugo Boss leather jacket was Major Arnold Ernst Toht played by with creepy evil by Ronald Lacey. In the original concept of the character, Toht was to be fitted with an mechanical arm and some sort of eye piece as seen in Ron Cobb's concept art. One wonders what the impact of having the original concept of Toht's character as the mechanically enhanced sci-fi Nazi would had on the Space Nazi Trope. 
And what is the reason for their enduring popularity? The evil deeds of the Nazis are a common culture touchstone that instantly connects the audience to the creators’ vision of an enemy that utilizes similar values and tactics of the 3rd Reich. It also doesn’t help the saturation of Nazi conspiracy theories all over media and the internet that have been around since nearly the fall of Nazi Germany steer many people towards the “Space Nazi”  trope.  While that seems good on the surface, it is also an easy or even lazy connection for creators to make. Space Nazis are nearly “ready to wear” or “just add water” enemies as much as are grey aliens or space kitties. This trend does not seem to be close to dying out either. With the recent discussions in Europe and America over groups that mirror some Nazi tactics and philosophy, it seems this trend of forwarding Nazis into to the future is not going to die out in either the fictional or real world.    

Examples:

The Lunar 4th Reich Nazis of Iron Sky (2012)
It is hard to believe, but we did actually get a Space Nazi centered movie in 2012 with the black comedy Iron Sky. This film was teased on the internet to look like an interesting B-movie that was funded with ideas and resources from an on-line film community. The plot is recycled conspiracy theory that wastes the interesting parts about the film with a trip into stupidity complete with a Sarah Palin American President.Talk about a horror movie .
It seems, like most works and conspiracy theories that put survivor Nazis, they take up shelter on their Moon Base. According to the story, a harden core of 3rd Reich personnel escaped to their secret lunar base to await the day when the newly christened "4th Reich" will unleash its Nazi saucers on the world and lunar born soldiers.  Yawn and the film ends in nuclear war with the numerous threats of sequel incoming. We can all hope not. This film has always been a disappoint to me.

The Galactic Empire and COMPNOR from Star Wars Universe
When it comes to one of the best know examples of Space Nazis it is the Empire from the Star Wars universe and there is a very good reason for that: it was done deliberately by Lucas and the production staff. The backstory to the rise of the Empire from the mess that was the Republic was inspirited by the rise of the Nazi Party in Germany of the 1930’s. Reinforcing the connection to the Nazi regime, the Imperial military is styled, in structure and look, to the Wehrmacht and other German military uniforms. Another aspect of the Empire’s connection to the 3rd Reich was in the organization known as COMPNOR (The Commission to Preserve the New Order).
Given the times we live in, the reading of the entry on COMPNOR on Wookieepedia.com is downright terrifying. COMPNOR is the “political religion” of the Empire and is method of control used by the New Order on the government itself and the general population of the Empire. With the New Order being a deeply racist/xenophobic organization that was centered on human-like species, COMPNOR was aimed at strengthening that support and dividing the humans from the other species via a favorite tool of the Nazis: propaganda.
Another method of supporting the human-run Empire was to hunt down the Jedi, support alien enslavement, and dismissing the old Republic. COMPNOR was a “gateway drug” to recruit new loyal members and support Imperial patriotism as well, playing upon the military power and law-and-order. To enforce the will and power of COMPNOR, there was the Imperial Security Bureau and the CompForce, another loyal band of soldiers for the Emperor that were separate from the Stormtroopers, which reminds me of the SA of the Nazi Party. This is one of the most enduring Space Nazi examples.


The Helghast from the Killzone Universe
One of the most famous modern examples of Space Nazis is from the KILLZONE series of games.  Guerrilla Games heavily used the Nazi Stormtrooper-like gas-mask wearing soldiers of the Helghan Empire to sell their “HALO Killer” game in 2004 and the following titles. While there are number of connections to the 3rd Reich with the Helghast, there are also connections with World War One Imperial Germany and the Special Armed Garrison "Kerberos” troopers from the Kerberos Sega universe, or more famously, the 1999 Jin-Roh OVA. The origin of the Space Nazi regime known as the Helghan Empire is a sad one that had hope twisted  into blind aggression that cause the destruction of the world of Helghan and its people.  The Helghan were originally a corporation that gained colonization rights over the atmospheric standard world of Vekta. It was like another Earth, but unspoiled. The Helghan Corporation would use both Vekta and the barely habitable Helghan to build a new civilization in the Alpha Centurai star system that declare itself independent from the Terran government, resulting in the First Exosolar War. The Helghast exile to Helghan caused their militant desire for a return to their stolen world and the need for the breathing respirators.  The studio mined Nazi style and hallmarks along with other elements to form the nationalistic philosophy of the Helghan people as they gathered around the Swastika-like flag and future goose step towards destruction. While I kid here, I’ve always been impressed with the development of the Helghast and I consider them to be one of the better examples of Space Nazis.   


The First Order from the Star Wars Universe
From the ashes of the Galactic Empire, came their phoenix government, their ODESSA: the First Order. After the last battles of the Galactic Civil War and the signing of the treaty that ended the war in 5 ABY, the remains of the Empire, COMPNOR officials and supports, families, warlords, and business removed themselves from the main portions of the galaxy to the Unknown Regions that are in the “western” sector of the Galaxy, beyond the Outer Rim. For over 20 years, they rebuilt and transformed themselves from the Empire to the First Order.
This authoritative military government was led by a Dark Force user named Snoke. Much like the previous COMPNOR Empire, the First Order had the Dark Side of the Force at its heart with new Dark Sider Force users in key positions that were outside of the standard rank-and-file, like the Knights of Ren.  While inspirited by the Empire of thirty years ago, the First Order was attempting to avoid the same mistakes…but, they built a superweapon, draining a great deal of their resources and had it destroyed by a the Resistance (not official aligned to the New Republic). After the destruction of the New Republic capital system, Hosnian, in 34 ABY these two powers were officially at war. Much like what Lucas did with the Empire, channeling the 3rd Reich, the First Order was another Space Nazi military/fascist government that recycled Empire and Nazi style and symbols. One of the most famous scenes in The Force Awakens is a rally of First Order personnel at the Starkiller Base and it directly channels the infamous Nazi rallies, further reinforcing the Space Nazi aspect of the First Order.

4th Reich from the Japanese NES release of Bionic Commando (Hitler's Resurrection: Top Secret)
One of the classic NES titles is CAPCOM’s Bionic Commando from 1988 and it was legendary among us 1980s kids due to the oddball appear of frozen Hitler going by the 1980s' rapper name “Master-D” as the end boss. Due to the sensitive content, when CAPCOM localized the release of the original Famicom game for the global NES platform, Hitler’s Resurrection: Top Secret was renamed “Bionic Commando” and the 4th Reich symbols were scrubbed down to be eagles and the Nazis became “Badds”…what the hell is a Badd? Oddly, the final boss, Master-D, was renamed but the face of shitbag Hitler was not changed. This allowed us kids of the 80s to know something wasn’t quite on the level with this game. When the internet and import carts on the Famicom system, we know the full story about the 4th Reich’s quest for world domination. 

The Hirogen from Star Trek: Voyager Episodes "The Killing Game pt. 1 and pt. 2"
I am not the biggest fan of ST: VOY and I thought it was among the weakest Trek series with the best series finale of all time. Due to this unevenness, it is likely that if Voyager not been a flagship TV series on a fledgling network, UPN, it would have been cancelled. To spice things up in the Delta Quadrant, the producers created the Hirogen space hunters for season four that were partially based on the Yautja hunters from the film Predator. While interesting, they do not seem to be akin to the Nazi ideals or style borrowed for many of the examples here on the list. However, for the 4th season two-parter “The Killing Game”, several Hirogen hunting vessels take over the Voyager and subject the crew to hunts in the holodecks and one of these settings is World War II.
It is here that the producers of Voyager were able to fulfill their long-held dream of having a World War II episode and put an alien into a Nazi uniform. For the most part, that is what it is, Hirogen hunters in 3rd Reich regalia. Then there is a speech by a Nazi holodeck character sparks the imagination of one of the hunters with the similar philosophical similarities between Nazism and “the Hunt”.  I included this example of an sci-fi Nazi due to it being a prime example of mining the commonly held cultural impact of Nazis for dramatic effect with visual power. And it does just that, Don’t think on it too hard. Overall, ST:ENT did a better job of a alien race sharing similar ideals to the 3rd Reich.

House Harkonnen from the DUNE Universe
During the research phase for this article, I came across those that place House Harkonnen on the list of Space Nazis. This claim has been reinforced by the author himself, Frank Herbert, who said that he based House Harkonnen on the Nazi Party. But, here is the thing, I don't buy it. I've read DUNE several times, I never got the "Nazi vibe" from them and I do believe that the costuming choice for the Harkonnens seen in the 1984 David Lynch sci-fi epic could be part of the reason along with their cruelty to their enemies and the Fremen. 
While the Harkonnen troopers seem to have a passion for dressing in black leather, even in the open desert of Arrakis, and this could connect them to some Nazi costuming and uniform choices, it still is a stingy connection to the Nazi Party. The actions of the Harkonnens on their own homeworld and on Arrakis comes from a cruel place. They abuse the whole of the Fremen people, they enjoy in gladiatorial combat, and have a vast slave population for all purposes. This makes House Harkonnen more of a "Space Roman" society than Space Nazis.

The Nazi Overtones from Starship Troopers 1997 and 2008 Films

There is much made out of the Terran society presented in the 1959 SST book and in the 1997 film. Robert Heinlein was a rare hawkish, right-wing science fiction writer that clashed with other noted sci-fi writers of the time over nuclear testing. As a response, Heinlein, a WWII Naval veteran, wrote a book about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship that is earned and not given mere as a token of birth in a geographic location. In the book, military service allows for someone to achieve full citizenship and the right to vote, which is borrowed from Roman concepts of land ownership and military service. Heinlein also was commenting on the prospected erosion of 1950’s society from the “good old days”.
Even to this very day, the society presented in SST is debated and discussed. Then the 1997 SST film came that took the book and transformed it into an oversexed, overblown military sci-fi film that bore some surface relationship to the original text. This film still separates the sci-fi community. While there were some overtones in the film of a military government ruling over the Terran Federation, the connection to the 3rd Reich was the uniforms. The Mobile Infantry’s dress uniforms, insignia, and even the color choices for the uniforms directly mimic the uniforms of the 3rd Reich.
The most cited example of Nazi overtones in the costuming seen towards the end of the time with the SS-like uniforms of the Federal Intelligence officers (AKA “Games & Theory”) officers, which includes Ringo’s old buddy  Carl Jenkins. Why did the 1997 and the later 3rd 2008 film use Nazi uniforms? According to Dutch director Paul Verhoeven and screenwriter Edward Neumeier did was done deliberately as explained in 1997 EW interview: “The reason for all the German uniforms and everything is because the Germans made the best-looking stuff,” says Troopers screenwriter Edward Neumeier. ”Art directors love it.” Verhoeven too was attracted by the visual appeal:  ”I just wanted to play with these [Nazi images] in an artistic way.” It was not limited to costuming, but also in lifting structure and camera shots from the Nazi film Triumph of the Wills.

 The Norsefire Party from V for Vendetta Series
One of the more memorable DC Comics of the late 1980s was Alan Moore’s tale of a near-future world of 1997 with the United Kingdom being controlled by Nazi-like fascistic regime called the “Norsefire”. Coming to power after a limited nuclear war or the St. Mary Virus of the 2006 film adaptation, Norsefire developed a multi-system of control over the UK that played upon nationalism and security feelings while robbing the people of their freedoms. Using Nazi-like iconography, six divisions of control and monitoring the population (and each other), concentration camps, secret police organization; the Norsefire Party is a Nazi-by-another-name organization. This is well-done sci-fi Nazi government that successful mines the Nazi Party and time period for a successful storyline. I enjoyed both the comic and the 2006 film. Of course, it also echoed the 1984 film in style having British actor John Hurt in a key role. 

The Visitors from The NBC V Series
In 1983, American network NBC would embark on a bold and expensive ($13 million in 1983 dollars) TV miniseries called V. This 200 minute 2-night TV events told the story of a humanoid alien race called "the Visitors" coming to Earth in peace...or so they say. As we all know, the Visitors are an aggressive reptilian species with designs to conquer the Earth and put humans on the menu while stealing much of our natural resources. To up the creepy factor of the Visitors, Nazi methods, history and iconography was utilized, making them a form of the Space Nazi trope.
It was damn effective as well, the Visitors used poster, SS-like stormtrooprs, military-like uniforms, an symbol that bore some similarity to the swastikas, Hitler Youth like organization, and elimination of their human critics, to hold on to power. The roots of the Visitors being akin to Space Nazis was due to the inspiration behind the series, the anti-fascists novel 1935 It Can't Happen Here by Sinclair Lewis. Originally, V creator Kenneth Johnson was bring NBC a miniseries adaption of the novel entitled Storm Warning, but given the popularity of Star Wars, NBC wanted a sci-fi work, and Johnson put an iconic spin on it. While semi-cheesy today, V aired when I was 7 and it scared the hell out of me and it has stayed with me ever since. 

The Operation Pure-Blood from DC Comics Superman 
In the 1980 Superman 2020 D C Comic story line, we see the 3rd Superman attempt to take his place with the mantle of responsibility associated with being a member of the Superman clan. Unlike his grandfather, Superman II and III are injected with human DNA due to paring with human mothers. This is all too much for a band of humans that are devoted to the idea of humans only breeding with humans to prevent the mixing of “blood” and the weakening of human genes. The members of the Pure Blood movement are very much like futuristic Nazis with all of the familiar hallmarks and tropes. Seen in Superman 2020 story of 1980 that ran from issue #354 to around #368, this Pure Blood movement had it all: Nazi-like symbols, armbands, special arm salute, and a fiery speaker that speaks of persevering their race and purity due to an “alien influence”. Of course, this is playing up to Nazism and this mistrust of the alien ubermench  is a theme explored throughout the Superman universe, even in the recent films. I was actually shocked to see this in a Superman comic and I never read of it until I found a blogpost explaining the oddball storyline of futuristic Nazis rallying against Superman in a 1980 comic.



The Space Nazis from the Wolfenstein Universe
The research into advanced weaponry paid off allowing for the 3rd Reich to control much of the world by the end of the 1940’s and its use of nuclear weapons allows for the surrender of the United States in 1948. By the time our hero rejoins the world in 1960, it is a much darker place, with the Nazis in charge of much of the world and they boot prints on others. According to the alternate history,  in 1951 two Nazi German astronauts by the names of Hans Amstark and Otto Emmerich are the first men on the moon and this paves the way for the full-size “Moonbase One” in 1960. Designed to be a hub for off-world research, nuclear secrets, and even forced off-world labor camps, this moon base Is just a stepping stone to the rest of the solar system. This important off-world installation is guard by the elite “Weltraummarinesoldaten” or “Space Marine”…which I totally missed for the recent Marine FWS blogpost…and these Nazi Space Marines(!) are some of the most elite combat veterans. During BJ’s assault on the lunar base, most of the Nazi Space Marines are killed along with a majority of the the “Weltraumsoldaten” or “Space Troopers”.  With the destruction of the Space Marines by BJ, the Space Troopers took over off-world guard duties on the moon, space stations, and even on Venus. This only fruther reinforces my desire to play these new Wolfenstein games.




The Principality of Zeon from the Gundam Universe
The appearance of Mobile Suit Gundam in 1979 altered the landscape of anime, mecha, and military science fiction. It was during this original series that we saw the unfolding of the One Year War between the Federation and the Principality of Zeon. There is a great deal of “Putting on the Reich” trope here for the look and feel of the Zeon military. Part of the racial aspect of the Nazi Party is handled by the Zeon identifying themselves as “Spacenoid” and separate from humans that were born on Earth. When  Degwin Sodo Zabi takes power after the death of Zeon, he declares the Side-3 colony the new nation of Zeon and One Year War is the outgrowth of that decision. One of the sons of the new leader, Gihren Zabi, is compared to Hitler by his own father due to its ideals of racial purity, powerful speaking ability, and the Zeon hand salute. The trend continues with Zeon=Space Nazis when German names began populating and the flag of Zeon that is very symbolic.

The Na'Kuhl from Star Trek: Enterprise
Star Trek Enterprise was a bold experiment in telling a Trek tale that took place in a time prior to the Federation and having Earth as a relative unknown society in galactic events. One of the underpins of the first three seasons was the “Temporal Cold War”, where several factions fought a low-intensity conflict using proxy forces to further their objectives.  The good crew of the first Warp Five explorer ship by Starfleet, the NX-01 Enterprise, was involved directly into the Temporal Cold War through the seasons.
This far-future conflict came to an apex at the end of season 3 and the beginning of season 4, with the NX-01 being transported back to the 1944/World War II timeframe with massive changes that forged an alternate timeline. The Allies had lost and the 3rd Reich was in partial control of America with help from the Na’Kuhl alien species. While not named in the episodes, these reptilian alien species from the 29th century were major players in the Temporal Cold War. When Terran forces closed in the leader of Na’Kuhl, Vosk, he and his merry band escaped using a one-way type of time travel that was more difficult to track than other methods.
These aliens allied themselves with the Nazis due to similarities in philosophy and methods with a mutually beneficial relationship. Vosk would provide the Nazis with advanced weaponry, while the Nazis gave the raw material for the construction of a time machine. While allies in theory, Vosk was using the Nazis and never intended to give the Germans weapons that could be used against them if things soured. Throughout the three episodes featuring the Na’Kuhl, they are seen wearing 3rd Reich military uniforms, given Trek yet another Space Nazi appearance. However, out of all of the rest of Space Nazis seen in Trek, this maybe the best and it helps that the aliens were more than just playing Nazis, but embodied elements of the Nazi philosophy. It also capitalized on the forever rumors of alien involvement in the 3rd Reich.

The 4th Reich from the Metro 2033 Universe
In the video games and the novel, three of the stations in the Metro systems of post-war Moscow are controlled by a Neo-Nazi militaristic/totalitarian regime that is patterned after the Nazis of World War II. The underground Nazis of the post-3rd World War world of Metro 2033 are similar with leadership from a Fuhrer, but are Russian in origin and adapted to the terrible conditions of the post-nuclear world with a similar philosophy of racial purity that suppressed those affected by radiation and treating them like slaves.
Given their devotion to racial purity and a strong military presence, the 4th Reich is avoided. How are Russian survivors of the 2013(!) nuclear holocaust twisted into underground Nazis? The 4th Reich was born out Russian nationalism and kicking out non-Russians out of their original station that was slowly transformed into an oddball Neo-Nazi group.  While I’ve heard great things about the games and I play on playing them, the idea of a “4th Reich” growing out of Russian nationalism is not well thought out, especially considering the conditions of a post-nuclear war world. There should have been something else besides an Neo-Nazi group in the Metro world of 2033.

The Zombie Nazis from The Outpost (2008)
One of the finest Nazi-Zombies movies of all time is 2008’s The Outpost. This British horror film is set in Eastern Europe, but filmed in Scotland, depicts an mission to rediscover an Nazi bunker. I love this film and it is super creepy with an excellent story and atmosphere coupled with rather good acting. The film was a success and spawned two more sequels, which pale in comparison to the original. In the film, a scientist working for a powerful group hires a mercenary group to escort him through enemy lines to a location on a map. It is discovered to be an 3rd Reich bunker that was dealing in creating immortal Nazi Stormtroopers to conquer the world via unified field theory. When the Nazi Zombies appear, it is everything you wanted in your military horror film. This is a must watch.

The Eastern Alliance form the Classic BSG Universe

In the classic 1978 Battlestar Galactic, the ragtag fleet guarded by the last Battlestar was a quest to final the lost tribe, who lived on Earth. During the end of the only season, the Galactica starts coming across new humans that talk of a powerful fascist human government from Terra called “The Eastern Alliance”. Two powerful human governments, presumed to be based on Terra, came to a one-sided peace treaty that favored the Eastern Alliance. During this, the Eastern Alliance begins to wipe out the Western governments colonial holdings with nuclear weapons to pave the way for Eastern Alliance settlement.
During the speech of the Western president, the Eastern Alliance decides to end it once and for all with all-out nuclear attack. Only selected few of Eastern Alliance society were moved to underground shelters for the nuclear counter attack. This cruel regime, while dangerous, was technologically behind the 12 Colonies and their small destroyer was outclassed by the massive Galactica. It is mentioned that the Eastern Alliance warships are not equipped with FTL, allowing us to assume that most of the contest between these two political blocs being intra-system. That technological limitiations did not pose a barrier to their dreams of intergalactic conquest and that the galaxy belongs to them because they were the greatest force in the universe…haha. While the creators designed the Space Nazi Eastern Alliance to be message that evil was universal, they were not done well enough to be an effective enemy to rival the Cylons


The Ministry of Peace's Nightwatch from the Babylon 5 Universe
In any totalitarian regime, control is paramount. This causes paramilitary organizations to spring up to monitor the population and each other for the reasons of control.  After Vice-President Clark staged the assassination of President Santiago, he began reshaping EarthGov to fulfill his needs the needs of his backers, the Shadows. One of the methods of control and fear put into place was the Nightwatch that was born out of the "Ministry of Peace". This paramilitary organization was involved in domestic spying, policy enforcement, and suppression of rights.
One of the most important posts for Nightwatch activities was the Babylon 5 Station and it paid EarthForce personnel more credits per month to wear an armband and file reports. When B5 declared independence from the Earth Alliance, Captain Sheridan throw all of the Nightwatch off of the station. During this time period, Clark’s regime empowered the Nigthwatch with help from the Psi-Corp. When Clark fell, so did the Nightwatch.

The Year 2013 on Earth-811 from the X-Men Universe
One of the best and celebrated Marvel comic story lines of all time is X-Men “Days of Future Past” (#141-142), published in 1981 and does have an air of Nazism to the dark world of 2013(!). On an alternate timeline Earth of 2013, called Earth-811, there was an assassination of an anti-mutant US Senator by the name of Robert Kelly. His hatred and social campaign to contain and control the Mutants of America was engineered by another Mutant group. This led to his support to the program to develop the Mutant hunting robots, the Sentients, and the Mutant Control Act. His assassination by Mystique was the fuel on the fire and much like the assassination of Kennedy, his earmarked legislation was passed and the Mutants were hunted down and placed into internment camps. The oppression of a certain group of people by a government that uses force to round up the undesirables into camps is a hallmark of the 3rd Reich and oppressive governments. Added to that is the speeches seen in the comic of Senator Kelly rallying against the Mutants that also as a Nazism tone and feel. Speaking to the impact of this storyline was the incorporation of some the comics' setting, title, plot element into the 2014 movie by the same name. Today, the value of The Uncanny X-Men #141 is about $75.

The Ekos Reich from ST:TOS Episode "Patterns of Force (2x23)" 
The USS Emprise is sent by Starfleet to investigate and rescue an Federal culture observer, John Gill, from the planet of Ekos.  When in orbit, the Enterprise is attacked by a incoming nuclear missile and when Kirk and Spock beam down to Ekos they are greeted by a terrible sight: Nazis. The alien humanoid society of Ekos as fully replicated 1940’s Nazi Germany and Kirk and Spock immediately suspect John Gill of breaking the Prime Directive. Being that John Gill was a noted and well respected Federation historian with a number of published books, he was ideal to replicate the 3rd Reich on a planet many lightyears from Terra. According to Gill, who was the Fuhrer of these alien space Naizs, the Ekos society was in crisis and Gill injected himself to setup an effective controlling government to stop the chaos.
That government was directly patterned on the 3rd Reich due to 1960’s historical perspective that has been proven wrong that Nazi Germany was one of the most effective governments in Terran history. Adding to the horror of Earth importing Nazism to an alien culture was that the Ekos Reich was suppressing the Zeons, just like the Jews. These humanoid people came from an inter-solar system Class M world near Ekos and the two were enemies. The Zeons living on Ekos were round up and the Ekos Reich was planning on full-scale military invasion of Zeon as a “final solution” to the Ekos/Zeon tensions. I’ve never liked this espiode and it just beyond stupid for a Federation citizen to replicate the whole of Nazi Germany on an alien world with an alien culture. The producers just wanted to set a sci-fi show with Nazis.  On a personal note, I cannot image how hard it was for Jewish actors William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy to wear those terrible Nazi uniforms, a symbol of hatred against the Jewish people. Interestingly, this episode was not aired in Germany, where Nazi symbols are ban under law until 1996 on paid German TV. 


The Black Lance from the Wing Commander Universe
In the 1996 Wing Commander IV: The Price of Freedom video game, the center piece of the story is an Terran Confederation Special Operation organization known as the Black Lance. During the desperate war against the Kilrathi, all manner of superweapon projects were undertaken to bring about a defeat of the aggressive feline aliens. One of those was the super-soldier “Black Lance” program that would genetically enhance an jack-of-all-trades SPECOPS unit. While seemingly DOA after the war ended in 2669, the Black Lance project continued in secret. By 2673, a masterplan to reshape the human race was in full effect with the Black Lance being the vanguard of the plan. Admiral Tolwyn was concerned with the threat of more alien races and the Terran Confederation needed to be ready. To force the issue, the Black Lance would be engaging in false-flag operations to spark a low-level war between the TC and nearly-independent border worlds. It was helped by Tolwyn that the super-soldiers of the Black Lance would be the Adam and Eve of a new genetically superior human race that would weed out the weaker human stock by breeding genocide…a very Nazistic philosophy. 

The Kaled from the Doctor Who Universe
The Daleks are one of the most iconic and (in) famous alien enemies of the Earth and our favorite Time Lord. However, everyone has a origin story and the Daleks are rooted in an example of Space Nazis: the Kaled. On the planet of Skaro, there was a bloody long war fought between the Kaled and the Thals that had lasted for a thousand years. This resulted in the Kaled living under an authoritative regime devoted to grooming new soldiers and obedience. For the 1975 fourth story of the 12th season of Doctor Who was devoted to the 4th Doctor exploring the origins of the Daleks, the archenemy of the Time Lords.
It was here that story linked the Kaled to Space Nazis via their actions, uniforms, hand salutes and some philosophy.  The  war took the advanced technology present on Skaro all the way down to bolt-action rifles and bows-and-arrows that remains me of Einstein’s quote about the 4th World War. Given the grim status of the war and the state of the planet, an end to the war needed to happen, and the leader of the scientific elite of Kaled, Davros, decided that there needed to evolution to the conditions of Skaro. This was the development of Davros loyal tin-cans: the Daleks. Upon these cybernetic metal warriors, Davros would be their eternal emperor and offer the final solution to the Thousand Year War, by killing both the Kaled and the Thals. The Daleks themselves are sort of an alien Nazi with their single-minded devotion to hate and killing those that are not Dalek.

The Special Armed Garrison Police Unit from the Kerberos Sega Universe
I’ve been a fan of the 1999 OVA Jin-Roh: the Wolf Brigade for years, but I did not understand the vast universe that the film takes back in until founding FWS. The iconic element of the Kerberos Sega is the Special Armed Garrison stocktrooper Protect-Gear that is descended from when 3rd Reich occupied Japan in alternated timeline (“Putting on the Reich” trope). While these law enforcement serve an facist Japanese government, they are not fully Nazis, but the look of the armor is so close and Nazi-retro futuristic that the Kerberos Panzer Crops shocktroopers service as an inspiration for the look of futuristic Nazi soldiers and equipment.
It is amazing how complex these armor-wearing special police unit is in the Kerberos Sega many works across all media type due to the groups-within-groups and the many names associated with the Protect-Gear wearers. This specialized police unit or even paramilitary was formed out of a time of great civil unrest and the Capitol Police formed the Special Armed Garrison to deal with the rebels with heavy weapons, special tactics, and special gear. This “Protect Gear” is more than just ballistic armor; it is a symbol and a psychological weapon of the authorities. Due to the arresting image of the Kerberos Panzer Corps officers in their Protect-Gear, topped off with the red glowing eyes of the IR night vision system, they have become an powerful inspiration that has threaten to overrun the rest of the Kerberos Sega storylines, characters, and groups.

Terra Prime Movement and Colonel Green from the Star Trek Universe
In the darker times of the Star Trek Earth history, there is a name that is associated with Hitler and the Nazis: Colonel Philip Edward Featherstone Green. After the Atomic Horror/World War III/Eugenics Wars where hundreds of millions are death and millions more sick from radiation a Hitler-like figure: Colonel Philip Green.  While much about him has been unexplored in Trek, including where his rank originates from, he is a murder of millions during the events of the 3rd World War. His eco-terrorist committed actions that resulted in 37 million dead when over 600 million were already died from the nuclear exchanges in the 3rd World War. His bloodlust did not stop there. Warlord Colonel Green embarked on an action have been called genocidal with good reason. He and his band of followers murdered thousands suffering with radiation sickness, which he called “impure”, due a dark mission to maintain the purity of the human race. Green was also known as a race traitor for siding with the Enhanced humans like Khan and attacking enemies during negations.  After the global peace, Colonel Green would make fiery speeches calling for the culling of the impure as he did in 2056. In 2063, the first official contact with alien happened between a pocket of humans devoted to the first FTL starship and a Vulcan survey ship.
Given the troubled nature of Earth in the post-WWIII era, the records on Colonel Green are incomplete and there is no firm data on his death nor his thoughts on First Contact.  In the near hundred years since First Contact, Earth had united and be repaired while attempting to enter into deep space. In 22nd century, Earth had a small population of aliens and there was a militant anti-alien Earth isolationist movement called Terra Prime. While regarded as nuts by most Terrans, the Xindi attack on Earth altered humanities views on aliens. Soon an isolationism gained traction along with xenophobic feelings, causing more support to Terra Prime. In 2155, Terra Prime leader, John Paxton hijacked the asteroid deviation field on Mars to force the Earth government to expel all aliens off of Earth. He was stopped by the NX-01 Enterprise and it is believed this ended Terra Prime.

Next Time on FWS...
Are those toys that acquire randomly throughout childhood that never take root in your life and become a random memory or piece that you cannot fit into playtime scenarios .These toys are lost often for years until a moment arrives that propels to dive onto the internet and research what the hell is this toy? I had this moment a few years ago when I rediscovered these oddball astronaut-soldiers and red-helmeted alien toys at the bottom of my action figure plastic bin from childhood and decided to research just what the hell these things were. After sometime, I found out these these lost toys were connected one of the most hallowed names in toy soldiers: Britains. It seems that from 1981-1987, Britains produced a line of unsuccessful science fiction toy soldiers and vehicles and then it disappeared. In the next installment of Military Sci-Fi Toys, we will finding out just what the hell is Britains Space toyline?